Menopause is the time of life in which a woman stops having menstrual periods, it is a normal part of aging. Hormone replacement therapy is used to treat symptoms of menopause in women, as it involves replacing the hormones that the body of a female stops producing at this stage of life.
Before and during menopause, female hormone levels can rise and fall. This can cause symptoms such as sudden hot flashes and vaginal dryness. Hormone replacement therapy is designed to relieve these symptoms.
Hormone replacement therapy is a common treatment to relieve symptoms of menopause and also to prevent long-term biological changes, such as decreased bone mass. These biological changes are a result of reduced levels of natural hormones estrogen and progesterone that happens in the body of women during and after menopause.
The hormones used in this treatment are synthetic hormones, created in a laboratory, but once you are inside the body act as if they were natural hormones.
This therapy is highly recommended for women who experience menopause before age 45 (early or premature menopause) until the average age of onset of menopause (around 51 years), unless there is a particular reason for woman who did not take it.
Hormone replacement therapy reduces the risk of several chronic diseases that can affect postmenopausal women, including diabetes, osteoporosis, bowel cancer and heart disease.
This treatment should be prescribed for each woman individually, since while reducing the risk of some debilitating diseases, may increase the incidence of others. These small risks should be weighed against the benefits to the individual woman set with a specialist.
Hormone replacement therapy usually comprises treatment with estrogen alone; a combination of estrogen and progesterone; or estrogen and progestin, which is a synthetic hormone similar to those of progesterone.
Women who have had a hysterectomy usually are prescribed estrogen alone. Women who have not done this surgery are prescribed estrogen and progestin, because estrogen treatment alone is associated with an increased risk of endometrial cancer, and studies indicate that the combination of estrogen and progestin can not take that risk.
In our clinic My Cosmetic Surgery this procedure performs the majority Dr. Rogelio Iglesias M.D., general practitioner with extensive experience in the provision of medical, cosmetic and aesthetic.